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Land grab: Indigenous peoples sue Brazil | Greenpeace int.

Land grab: Indigenous peoples are suing Brazil

Land grab Brazil: The indigenous peoples of Karipuna filed a lawsuit against Brazil and the province of Rondônia for allowing illegally registered private land in their protected indigenous land. The National Environmental Register of Rural Property (Cadastro Ambiental Rural - CAR) aims to ensure that all property falls under nature conservation and environmental laws, but is used by groups or individuals to illegally claim land in protected areas to expand their farmland for cattle Grazing and legitimation of illegal deforestation in indigenous areas. These land grab operations and the lack of a protection plan for the territory of the Karipuna by government agencies are two of the main reasons the Karipuna indigenous land was among the ten most destroyed indigenous countries in Brazil in 2020[1].

Land grabbing in Brazil leads to deforestation

“We have been fighting the destruction of our territory for years. Now is the time for the court to hold the state responsible for protecting our home so that we can soon live in peace according to our customs and traditions, ”said Adriano Karipuna, leader of the Karipuna indigenous people

"The actions of the Karipuna people and their allies have always focused on the deforestation of forests in Karipuna land and urged the state to take on its duty to enforce the original rights of the indigenous peoples." said Laura Vicuña, CIMI missionary.

Claimed with no land ownership grounds

An analysis by Greenpeace Brazil and the Brazilian NGO Indigenist Missionary Council (CIMI) using publicly available data shows that currently 31 land registries fully or partially overlap the boundaries of the protected areas of the Karipuna indigenous people [2]. The forest areas registered by individuals vary between one and 200 hectares. In many cases, illegal logging has already taken place in these claimed properties [3]. All of them are located within the protected indigenous territory. According to Greenpeace Brazil, this clearly shows how the CAR system is being abused by individuals or groups to claim land without actually owning the land.

Despite the constitution: Brazil enables land grabbing

“The indigenous Karipuna people are being forced to watch their land being stolen for pasturage and the expansion of industrial agriculture because the Brazilian state allows criminal groups to continue their illegal land grabbing. The CAR system makes it possible to steal land from indigenous peoples. That has to stop. The Brazilian state must put in place a permanent protection plan involving various agencies such as FUNAI and the federal police to ensure full protection of the Karipuna, their land and their culture, as stipulated in the Brazilian Constitution and Brazilian Laws " said Oliver Salge, international project manager all eyes on the Amazon project with Greenpeace Brazil.

Greenpeace Brazil and CIMI support the Karipuna litigation and have been working together for three years to Deforestation and monitor and denounce environmental crimes. The Karipuna indigenous peoples' monitoring activities are part of the All Eyes on the Amazon project, which is led by Greenpeace Netherlands and Hivos together with nine organizations for human and indigenous rights, the environment, science and technology and supports indigenous communities in the implementation of forest monitoring High -End technology in Brazil, Ecuador and Peru.

Notes:

[1] Greenpeace Brazil analysis based on INPE data 2020 http://terrabrasilis.dpi.inpe.br/app/dashboard/deforestation/biomes/legal_amazon/increments

[2] https://www.car.gov.br/publico/municipios/downloads?sigla=RO and Karipuna Indigenous Land http://www.funai.gov.br/index.php/shape

[3] https://www.greenpeace.org/brasil/blog/ibama-e-exercito-fazem-novas-apreensoes-na-terra-indigena-karipuna/

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Photos: Greenpeace

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